Glossary: Health

GlossaryAntibiotics
Drugs that treat infections

Breakthrough Bleeding
Vaginal bleeding at a time other than the menstrual period.

Cardiovascular Disease
Disease of the heart and blood vessels

Cervix
The opening of the uterus at the top of the vagina

Deep Vein Thrombosis
A condition in which a blood clot forms in veins in the leg or other areas of the body.

Emergency Contraception
Methods that are used to prevent pregnancy after a women has had sex without birth control, after the method she used has failed, or if a woman is raped. Emergency contraception methods include progestin-only pills, ulipristal, birth control pills taken in specific amounts, or a copper intrauterine device. The pills must be taken within 120 hours to reduce the risk of pregnancy.

Endometriosis
A condition in which tissue similar to that normally lining the uterus is found outside of the uterus, usually on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other pelvic structures.

Estrogen
A female hormone produced in the ovaries.

Fibroids
Benign growths that form in the muscle of the uterus.

Hormones
Substances produced by the body to control the functions of various organs.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus
A virus that attacks certain cells of the body’s immune system and causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Ovulation
The release of an egg from one of the ovaries.

Perimenopause
The period around menopause that usually extends from age 45 years to 55 years.

Progestin
A synthetic form of progesterone that is similar to the hormone produced naturally by the body.

Uterus
A muscular organ located in the female pelvis that contains and nourishes the developing fetus during pregnancy.

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